Pride and Prejudice as a criticism of life and social realism in Jane Austen’s
Pride and Prejudice as a criticism of life
Ans:- Jane Austen is ” a pure novelist “. A ” Pure novelist does not delight. Pride and Prejudice as a criticism of life
( 1 ) either by the prodigality of his invention or
( 2 ) by the creation of a large gallery of characters or
( 3 ) by the alternation of a large number of contrasting scenes.
He delights us with the formal qualities of his composition, his design, by the subordination of the part to the whole, by the study of the relationship between the characters or of their relations to a central theme.
Read more from English 2nd Year (click) The pure novelist’s criticism of life is an aspect of his design, it is the formal ordering of his material that in itself constitutes his criticism of life Perfection is achieved by recognition of one’s limits and Jane Austen is perfect precisely because she recognizes her limits.
She recognized her limits and achieved perfection, not in one novel but in six novels consecutively. She has her interception of life to offer and her matter, her design is always subordinated to this end.
Essay on the realism of Jane Austen
As Watter Allen puts it, ” Jane Austen was a moralist an 18th-century moralist. ” She was the last and the finest flower of that century. But she is entirely free from 18th-century sentimentality, indeed sentiments are often the object of her satire.
She does not also indulge in the crude horseplay and buffoonery of the 18th-century novelist. She uses irony as her Weapon, as the instrument of her comic vision, The silly, the affected, and the stupid, and the objects of her contempt which get the driver and more withering with each successive novel.
Her ironic treatment of folly, silliness, and affection is a moral comment. The main emphasis in Jane Austen’s work is on manners which she reads as morals in a microcosm.
Pride and Prejudice Essays and Criticism
The standards by which manners and implicit self-command a just consideration of others, knowledge of the heart, and a principle of right derived from education are the standards by which she judges her characters in her view:-
( 1 ) that errors and follies of youth are always the results of faulty upbringing Lydia is so frivolous and giddy and she slopes with a ” worthless ‘ person like Wickham only because she is a neglected and spoiled child. She has been looked after by her parents. “
( 2 ) Any deviation from the accepted code of manners is likely to have unhappy consequences. The world of her novels is a restricted world, but in her Judgment of character and action in this limited world, she is so uniformly right that she feels she would also be uniformly right in her judgment of the large world outside.
Criticism – Pride and Prejudice
His method of character delineation is superb, but what gives her characters their value is the fact that is through there that the novelist presents her view of life which is a highly serious criticism of life expressed in terms of comedy.
” Comedy deals with the ” Conflict between illusion and reality ” and this is also the conflict in the novels of Jane Austen. She shatters the follies and illusions of mankind and thus makes it know the truth She Judges her character by the Tripple standards of goodness, sense, and taste.
Those who fall below these standards are censured Her characters expose themselves in their own words so that we know them through and through and can imagine them in situations in which she never described them.
Jane Austen The novel and social realism
The attainment of self-knowledge on the part of the central figures is always Jane Austen’s theme and self-knowledge results in goodness. Thus Elizabeth gradually discovers the truth and sheds her prejudices.
She has been proud of her discernment but she finds that she has been wrong in judging both Darcy and Wickham. By the end, she realizes her folly and her prejudice. Life or she is thus a continuous process of increasing self-knowledge.
Experience teaches us how to live wisely and temperately and so also happily. Happiness comes out of internal harmony and also through harmony with the rest of the world. All her novels, even Pride and Prejudice are educational novels.
She is concerned with the achievement of perfect marriage as essential for happiness, for it is the chief of human relations, it is necessary for happiness, as well as for the development of personality.
By the end of Jane Austen’s novels, there is always the achievement of self-knowledge’ self-control, and self – respect and the principal means of such an achievement is a legal of perfect sympathy with another who is one’s counterpart.
She does not sentimentalize love. She does not glorify it like earlier novelists, but her conception of genuine love is loftier than theirs. She is a practical idealist.
She realizes the value of money and comfortable living for a happy marriage, she has no illusions, about love in a cottage “, but she also realizes that married happiness depends not so much on worldly circumstances as on mutual harmony between the marriage partners.
Similarly, she recognizes the presence of evil and tolerates it. Wickham is not even reformed by the end of the novel, and Lydia remains as silly and irresponsible as ever. Pride and Prejudice as a criticism of life
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